The first three days of the Second Meeting of the APCJJ concentrated on a practice-oriented approach to international standards and norms in the area of juvenile justice, offering three entire days of training, delivered through different and parallel workshops that participants are invited to attend. The last day of the Meeting, open for participants and APCJJ official members, will complement the practical experience of the training event with a policy-oriented perspective.
Professional development training event
The training event targeted juvenile justice stakeholders from ASEAN member states and APCJJ representatives. An overview of the topics covered is provided below and is followed by a brief summary of content.
|Day 1: 5 May 2015||Prevention and Responses to Violence against Children in Conflict with the Law|
|Day 2: 6 May 2015||Diversion and Alternative Measures for Children in Conflict with the Law|
|Day 3: 7 May 2015||Restorative Justice for Children from Theory to Practice in the Asia-Pacific Region|
Day 1: Prevention and Responses to Violence against Children in Conflict with the Law
Children in conflict with the law, and in particular those deprived of their liberty, face a high risk of becoming victims of violence as a mere result of being in contact with that system. Violence against children within the justice system remains frequently invisible, unrecorded, unprosecuted and unpunished. It can occur in all phases of the justice process and be perpetrated by justice professionals who deal with these children, peers or the child him or herself as a result of self-harm.
With the recent resolution A/RES/69/194 by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 18 December 2014, the international community has recognized the pressing need to address the issue of violence against children and, with the substantive support of UNODC, adopted the United Nations Model Strategies and Practical Measures on the Elimination of Violence against Children in the Field of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (“Model Strategies”). This new set of United Nations standards and norms dedicates its third part exclusively to the prevention of and responses to violence against children who are in conflict with the law and will be the benchmark for the first day of the training event which aimed to build the capacity of juvenile justice professionals on strategies and measures aimed to prevent and respond to violence against children in conflict with the law.
Related DocumentsChecklist - Model Strategies Guidance Note of the SG UN - Approac to Justice for Children Introducing Model Strategies - VAC Joint Report on Violence against Children Model Strategies on Violence Against Children
Day 2: Diversion and Alternative Measures for Children in Conflict with the Law
In consideration of the negative effects of detention on the health and psychological well-being of children, and of the obstacles that deprivation of liberty may pose to education, personal development and reintegration into society, effective diversion and alternative measures have become a priority for any juvenile justice system. In this context, this training, on the Day 2 of the Meeting focused on the effective implementation of diversion and alternative measures in order to make deprivation liberty a measure of last resort.
Related DocumentsGeneral Comment 10 to CRC Justice in Matters Involving Children in Conflict with the Law Manual for the measurement of juvenile justice indicators - UNODC
Day 3: Restorative Justice for Children from Theory to Practice in the Asia-Pacific Region
Over the past several decades, restorative justice practices have developed in multiple forms that have spread and diversified to different regions of the world. In parallel, international standards have increased the references to mediation and other forms of restorative justice as valid alternatives or complements to traditional criminal justice systems. Taking into consideration the exiting international legal framework and in particular the “Basic Principles on the Use of Restorative Justice Programs in Criminal Matters” (ECOSOC 2002/12), Day 3 of the Meeting focused on how restorative justice can be particularly responsive to the best interests of children. The IJJO presented as well its work concerning a European model on restorative justice, developed with members of the European Council for Juvenile Justice.
Asia-Pacific Council for Juvenile Justice Policy-oriented Meeting
Building on knowledge shared during the prior three days, the APCJJ policy-oriented Meeting on May 8, concentrated on how to evaluate the implementation of children’s rights standards in the region and how to reinforce trans-national cooperation by sharing strategies to protect the rights of children in conflict with the law. The policy-oriented Meeting’s objective was to foster sustainable collaboration and coordination among all Council members and stakeholders in the development of juvenile justice policies for social integration of young people and children in conflict with the law. The meeting addressed specific themes and promote knowledge-sharing with a results-oriented approach.
Finally, the APCJJ Meeting, in collaboration with representatives of ASEAN member states, focused especially on cross-border cooperation and on trans-national agendas to promote child-friendly justice principles.